General health

From gallstones and hernias to varicose veins and ENT-related problems, our Spire experts provide insight and knowledge for a range of health conditions.

General health articles

Blood clots: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment explained

Your blood’s clotting ability is important to help stop excessive and potentially dangerous bleeding when a blood vessel is injured.

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The outlook for liver cirrhosis

Liver cirrhosis refers to severe scarring of the liver.

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Lump in groin

Your groin is the area between your thighs and abdomen and is where your genitals are located.

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How to manage your eyelid bags: home remedies and surgery

Getting older brings a host of changes to our bodies, including our eyelids.

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Why am I always tired? Five possible causes of fatigue

Feeling tired is fairly common and can be caused by lots of different things, such as working too much, staying up too late or not being...

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CT vs. MRI scan

CT scans and MRI scans are non-invasive methods to capture images of the inside of your body. We look at the differences between the two...

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How is obesity linked to diabetes?

The UK has one of the highest rates of obesity in Europe.

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Understanding fatty liver disease: risks, progression and treatment

Liver disease is a growing problem in the UK with deaths increasing 400% since 1970.

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Understanding temporomandibular disorders: causes and treatments

Around a third of people in the UK will experience a temporomandibular disorder (TMD) at some point in their life.

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The best foods to help improve your digestive system

The digestive system breaks down the food you eat, allowing your body to absorb the energy and nutrients it contains.

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Common causes of abdominal, pelvic and anal pain

Pain is one of the most common symptoms of illness but also one of the most ignored by patients.

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How to get rid of piles

Piles, also known as haemorrhoids, are swellings that develop inside your back passage (rectum) or around your bottom (anus).

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Leg cramps

Leg cramps are common and usually fleeting and harmless.

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Inguinal hernia FAQs

Every year around 20 million people worldwide undergo surgery to repair an inguinal hernia, revealing just how common inguinal hernias are.

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Seven ways to treat varicose veins

Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins that most commonly occur in the lower legs.

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Living with tinnitus: from diagnosis to treatment

Almost everyone will experience tinnitus at some point in their lives.

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Groin pain

Groin pain refers to pain in your lower abdomen where your legs meet your pelvis.

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Pain when pooping

Pain when pooping could be a symptom of an underlying health condition.

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Mythbusting varicose veins: symptoms, causes and treatments

Varicose veins affect up to 20% of men and up to a third of women in the UK.

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Hernia surgery: when you need it, how it has changed and what to expect

Over 120,000 hernia operations are performed every year in the UK, making it the most common surgery nationwide.

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Piles: when to get help and what can be done

Piles, medically known as haemorrhoids, is a condition that patients often find embarrassing.

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Gallstones symptoms and causes explained

Gallstones are a fairly common condition that affects an estimated one in 10 adults in the UK.

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Nine useful tips to help prevent migraines

Migraines affect around one in seven people, with women being three times more likely than men to have them.

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Five ways to reduce your risk of a hernia

Hernias happen when an internal part of your body pushes through a weak point in the muscle or tissue that keeps it in place.

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Varicose veins and spider veins: causes and prevention

Varicose veins and spider veins are common conditions and tend to become more common with age.

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What are piles and how do you treat them?

Piles, also called haemorrhoids, are swellings that develop in and around your bottom (anus).

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Ask the expert: what are gallstones?

Gallstones form in the gallbladder, which is a pear-sized sac that sits below the liver.

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What is a hernia? Symptoms and treatment explained

A hernia happens when an organ, tissue or fat pushes through the muscle or connective tissue (the fascia) that surrounds it.

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