General health

From gallstones and hernias to varicose veins and digestive problems, our Spire experts provide insight and knowledge for a range of health conditions.

General health articles

How to boost your iron levels to treat iron deficiency anaemia

Iron is essential for almost every aspect of your health. This is because it is a critical part of your blood, which contains haemoglobin.

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The best foods to help improve your digestive system

The digestive system breaks down the food you eat, allowing your body to absorb the energy and nutrients it contains.

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Article

Everything you need to know about having a gastroscopy

A gastroscopy is a procedure to examine the inside of your gullet, stomach and the first part of your small intestine.

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Article

Understanding ingrown toenails: why they happen and what to do

An ingrown toenail happens when the edge of your toenail grows down into the surrounding skin.

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Article

How to manage your eyelid bags: home remedies and surgery

Getting older brings a host of changes to our bodies, including our eyelids.

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Blood clots: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment explained

Your blood’s clotting ability is important to help stop excessive and potentially dangerous bleeding when a blood vessel is injured.

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Article

What you need to know about recovering from gallbladder removal surgery

Gallbladder removal surgery is a common procedure, and is the only proven treatment for gallstones.

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Why am I always tired? Five possible causes of fatigue

Feeling tired is fairly common and can be caused by lots of different things, such as working too much or staying up too late.

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Article

Alcohol units

Alcohol units refer to the amount of pure alcohol in a drink.

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Article

Inguinal hernia FAQs

Every year around 20 million people worldwide undergo surgery to repair an inguinal hernia, revealing just how common inguinal hernias are.

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Understanding drug allergy: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

A drug allergy refers to an abnormal reaction of your immune system to a medication.

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Article

Gallbladder disease and gallstones: risks, symptoms and treatment

The most common type of gallbladder disease is gallstones, which affects 10–15% of UK adults.

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Article

What's the difference between a cold and the flu?

A sore throat, cough and runny nose are symptoms most people recognise as having a cold or the flu.

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Understanding insomnia: symptoms, causes and solutions

Getting a good night’s sleep can be challenging for a variety of reasons.

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Article

Common causes of dizziness and how to treat it

Most people will feel dizzy at some point in their lives but frequent bouts of dizziness can be distressing.

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Liver disease: types, symptoms, causes and treatment explained

Your liver is the second largest organ in your body and has several vital functions.

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How alcohol can affect your liver

Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can have both short and long-term effects on your health and wellbeing.

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Article

What is chronic pain and how is it treated?

Around a quarter of the population in the UK will experience chronic (long-term) pain at some point in their lives.

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Article

Why would you need a colonoscopy and what is involved?

Consultant Gastroenterologist, Dr Mark Cox details what a colonoscopy procedure is, what it involves and why a person would have one.

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Pain when pooping

Pain when pooping could be a symptom of an underlying health condition.

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Hay fever: what is it and how is it treated?

Hay fever affects around one quarter of all UK adults, making it one of the most common immune conditions,

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