General health

From gallstones and hernias to varicose veins and digestive problems, our Spire experts provide insight and knowledge for a range of health conditions.

General health articles

What is trigeminal neuralgia?

Consultant Neurosurgeon, Mr Nik (Nikunj) Patel, explains what trigeminal neuralgia is and how it can be treated.

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Pain after colonoscopy

A colonoscopy involves passing a thin, flexible, tube-like telescope (colonoscope) into your colon via your back passage (rectum).

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How is obesity linked to diabetes?

The UK has one of the highest rates of obesity in Europe.

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Blood clots: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment explained

Your blood’s clotting ability is important to help stop excessive and potentially dangerous bleeding when a blood vessel is injured.

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Understanding gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: risk factors, symptoms and treatment

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), often called acid reflux, is an uncomfortable but common condition.

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Groin pain

Groin pain refers to pain in your lower abdomen where your legs meet your pelvis.

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Risk factors and treatment for peripheral vascular disease

Peripheral vascular disease affects around one in five people aged over 60 in the UK.

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Understanding iron deficiency anaemia: causes and treatments

Anaemia is a condition where you haven’t got enough healthy blood cells to carry oxygen around your body.

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Pre-colonoscopy diet

Before having a colonoscopy, you need to empty your colon so that your doctor can see the inside of your colon clearly.

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Living with inflammatory bowel disease: from symptoms to treatment

Inflammatory bowel disease refers to a group of conditions that cause the lining of your bowel to become inflamed and develop ulcers.

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The best foods to help improve your digestive system

The digestive system breaks down the food you eat, allowing your body to absorb the energy and nutrients it contains.

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Alcohol units

Alcohol units refer to the amount of pure alcohol in a drink.

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What is 'fatty liver disease' and how is it treated? Dr Deven Vani explains

Discover what fatty liver disease is, and how it is treated with Dr Deven Vani, Consultant Physician and Gastroenterologist.

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Understanding diabetes: types, causes, symptoms and treatments

Almost five million people in the UK live with diabetes.

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IBS explained: causes, symptoms and treatment

IBS or irritable bowel syndrome is a common, chronic (long-term) condition that affects your large intestine.

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How alcohol can affect your liver

Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can have both short and long-term effects on your health and wellbeing.

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Colonoscopy procedure

A colonoscopy is an examination of the lining of your colon (large bowel).

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Article

Hernia surgery: David's story

When David found out he had a hernia, he was worried what this meant for his love of boxing.

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What is diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and who is at risk?

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening condition that most often occurs in individuals with type 1 diabetes.

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Lump on anus

Your anus is made of soft tissues, however, infection and other health conditions can cause the formation of a hard lump on your anus.

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Article

Understanding insomnia: symptoms, causes and solutions

Getting a good night’s sleep can be challenging for a variety of reasons.

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