Haemoglobin is found in red blood cells and carries oxygen around the body. If you have fewer healthy red blood cells or a low level of haemoglobin, less oxygen can get to the organs and tissues around your body. This can cause tiredness, weakness and paleness.
Anaemia can be due to:
Iron deficiency anaemia
Iron deficiency anaemia is a very common form of anaemia. Iron is important in haemoglobin production, so iron deficiency causes a low haemoglobin level in your blood. Iron deficiency may be due to a poor diet or blood loss due to:
Vitamin B12 or folate anaemia
A deficiency in vitamin B12 or folate causes the body to produce red blood cells that are larger than normal and can’t function properly. Deficiency in these vitamins may be due to:
Treatment for anaemia includes:
The most common anaemia symptoms are:
Other anaemia symptoms can help identify the cause of anaemia. For example:
Talk to your doctor if you’re concerned about symptoms. You can book an appointment with a Spire private GP today.
Anaemia can be confirmed using a simple blood disorder test which will look at the number and health of red blood cells in your blood as well as looking at other things, such as your white blood cells and platelets also found in the blood.
Your GP will also ask about your lifestyle and medical history.
Once your doctor has diagnosed the cause of your anaemia, they’ll recommend the appropriate treatment.
If your anaemia is due to a deficiency, they may recommend:
It can also help to improve your diet by eating foods which contain more:
If your anaemia is severe or can’t be treated with supplements or diet, treatments include:
You may also need to be referred for treatment for an underlying medical condition that is causing your anaemia.