Testicular cancer is when cells in your testicles start to grow abnormally and in an uncontrolled way. Most testicular cancers (95%) start in the cells that make sperm – called the germ cells.
Testicular cancer is relatively rare, but it’s the most common cancer in men aged 15 to 44 years.
The most common testicular cancer symptom is a lump or swelling in one testicle. Most testicular lumps aren’t cancer, but it’s still important to see a doctor if you notice anything unusual.
Treatment for testicular cancer is effective and most cases are now cured.
Symptoms of testicular cancer include:
If the cancer spreads, other symptoms can develop including back pain (if it’s spread to your lymph glands) or shortness of breath (if it’s spread to your lungs).
You can book an appointment with a Spire private GP today.
Your GP will examine your testicles and may shine a light through your scrotum to identify any solid lumps that may be cancer. If they think it might be cancerous, they’ll refer you for further tests, which may include:
It’s unknown what causes most testicular cancers, but risk factors that increase your chance of getting it include:
Caucasian men also have a higher risk of testicular cancer than men from other ethnic groups.
In almost all cases, your doctor will advise surgery to remove the affected testicle (orchidectomy). This will not affect your fertility or ability to have sex.
For some types of cancer, you may also receive a short course of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy after testicle removal. This is to help prevent the cancer returning. Although in most cases the chance of recurrence is low, your doctor may recommend that you have regular check-ups as a precaution.