Focus on...ADHD in children and young people

15 April 2019

What is ADHD?

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is a very common developmental condition that affects about 1 in 20 children. It is characterised by a persistent or on-going pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity which impacts the functioning in everyday life.

​Children and young people with ADHD may also have difficulties with maintaining attention, executive function (brain’s ability to initiate, organise and manage tasks and working memory).

How do we assess for ADHD?

Children and young people suspected to have ADHD should have a full assessment by a trained specialist. This includes but not restricted to:

  • A full developmental and relevant history
  • A full medical assessment
  • Use of specific rating scales or observational data

What are the conditions associated with ADHD?

 ADHD is often associated with a number of other medical conditions such as:

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Tourette syndrome
  • Dyspraxia
  • Specific Learning Difficulties
  • Depression

How is ADHD treated?

Treatment for ADHD includes

  • Information on ADHD
  • Advice on environment modifications
  • Advice on healthy lifestyle including the role of exercise
  • Accessing parenting courses specific to ADHD
  • Behaviour therapy
  • Medication

Medication may be considered when all non-medication measures have not been successful and or there is a significant impact of the condition on everyday life.

Medication should only be prescribed by a specialist with experience in managing ADHD. Most commonly used medications for ADHD are controlled drugs so these need careful monitoring.

Dr Thakur has clinics at Spire Bushey Hospital on Saturday mornings.

For referrals email or visit

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