07 March 2016
Over 70 million people are affected by glaucoma worldwide, with at least 6.8 million people blinded in both eyes as a result of the condition. In most cases, glaucoma affects both eyes.
It presents typically in patients aged between 50 and 70 but in a minority of patients, chronic glaucoma can advance aggressively at a young age. There are risk factors, such as high or low blood pressure, migraines, blood circulation problems and whether there is a family history.
Glaucoma usually develops when fluid in the eye builds up increasing the level of pressure, but it can also happen with low pressure. If left untreated, it can damage the optic nerve and can lead to progressive permanent loss of sight.
While the damage caused by glaucoma is irreversible, the prevention of further damage is possible. As a result, early diagnosis of glaucoma is critical, as the progression of the disease can be halted with the correct treatment, which ranges from drops to laser or surgery.
Therefore, we must ensure that we have regular eye tests, especially if we have a relative with glaucoma.
If you have any questions, please call our Spire Eye Centre on 0121 580 7171.