How to be breast aware

01 October 2018

Mr Jalal Kokan, Consultant Breast Surgeon

Breast Cancer is the most common cancer in women in the UK, with one in eight developing breast cancer in their lifetime. Most women diagnosed with early breast cancer tend to have good outcomes. About two-thirds of women in England and Wales diagnosed with breast cancer will survive for 20 years or more.

The National Breast screening programme diagnoses a third of the breast cancers, where mammograms are done every three years in women aged 47-73. Two-thirds of women with breast cancer present with changes in the breast, nipple or overlying breast skin.

It is very important for women to be breast aware and examine their breasts at least once a month. The best time to examine the breast is immediately after a period with the flat of the hand.

You must look out for the following changes:

 Breast changes

  • A lump in breast or armpit
  • Any thickened area of breast tissue that does not disappear after a period
  • A change in the size or shape of breasts¬†
  • A swollen breast even if no lumps are felt

Nipple changes

  • Nipple pulled in or pulled to one side
  • Scaliness
  • Thickening of the nipple
  • Nipple discharge (other than breast milk)

Skin changes

  • Dimpling of skin
  • Redness of breast

Many women experience breast pain but it is usually not due to breast cancer. However, it is better to make sure there is no underlying cause of the pain and to consult a breast specialist.

If you notice any of these changes, it is advised to have your breast checked by a Specialist Breast Surgeon in a One-Stop Breast clinic. Mr Kokan has a regular One-Stop Breast clinic at Spire Regency Hospital in Macclesfield every Wednesday and Friday between 5pm - 7pm. In this clinic, in addition to a clinical examination, all required investigations such as mammogram, ultrasound and biopsy are offered at the same time.

For more information or to book a consultation with Mr Kokan, contact our team on 01625 505412.

The content of this article is provided for general information only, and should not be treated as a substitute for the professional medical advice of your doctor or other health care professional.

Event Booking Form


Marketing Information

Spire would like to provide you with marketing information about products and services offered by Spire and by selected third-party partners. If you do not consent for us to process your personal data for marketing activities, we will still be able to contact you about your enquiry.

We may contact you by email, SMS or phone about your enquiry. If we try to contact you by phone (mobile and/or landline) and you are not available, we may leave you a voicemail message. We may also use your details to contact you about patient surveys we use for improving our service or monitoring outcomes, which are not a form of marketing.

Submit my enquiry