Location of body fat can increase blood pressure risk

2 September 2014

New research has revealed that fat in the abdominal area has a stronger association with a risk of high blood pressure than overall obesity. 

The study, published in the the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, found that people with fat around their abdominal area are at greater risk of developing hypertension, than those with a similar body mass index but with concentrations of fat elsewhere.

For this study, 903 patients enrolled in the Dallas Heart Study for analysis for around seven years to track the development of their hypertension.

It found that 25 per cent of patients developed hypertension and, while a higher BMI was associated with hypertension, when abdominal fat content, overall fat content and lower-body fat content were factored in, only abdominal fat remained independently associated with hypertension. 

"The high incidence of hypertension and presence of retroperiotoneal fat could suggest that the effects from fat around the kidneys are influencing the development of hypertension," said Dr Aslan Turer, a cardiologist at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas.

Posted by Jeanette Royston

 

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