Measures to reduce sun exposure and damage

06 May 2019

By Dr Vikram Rajkomar, Consultant Dermatologist

While we start to get ready for our great British summertime don’t let your guard down on sun protection.  Our Consultant Dermatologist, Dr Vikram Rajkomar, talks us through his top tips to reduce the damaging effects of the sun on skin.

Sun protection measures should be taken when the UV index (5 category solar UV forecast) reaches 3 or more (the higher the value, the faster you burn when out in the sun). Always use a combination of the below measures to ensure better protection.

Protective clothing 


  • A wide brim hat or legionnaire hat is ideal (close weave of UPF rated fabric)


  • Look for the European CE mark, indicating a safe level of protection
  • High EPE provides the best protection
  • Ensure that they are wider than the eyes to prevent UV rays getting through the top and sides


  • SPF 50+ with 5* UVA rating
  • Apply 15-20 minutes before leaving the house and then again at least every 2 hours
  • Cover all areas of exposed skin, including the back of the neck, ears, top of the feet, face and the scalp
  • Use a lip balm with at least SPF30+
  • Get help from someone else for the hard-to-reach areas like the back and shoulders
  • Re-apply after swimming or episodes of excessive sweating


  • Avoid going out when sun’s intensity is at its peak (usually between 11am and 3pm).

Avoid sunbeds 

  • Regular use increases the risk of skin cancer

If you have any concerns about a mole or the effects of sun damage on your skin book a consultation with Dr Rajkomar by calling our team on 01625 505 412.

The content of this article is provided for general information only, and should not be treated as a substitute for the professional medical advice of your doctor or other health care professional.

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