This is blood in the urine and it may be visible by eye or only in a urine test. Up to 25 out of every 100 patients may have a significant cause for this, for example prostate disease, bladder cancer, infection, urinary tract stones and renal (kidney) cancer. A consultation with an examination is undertaken, after which the investigations needed to hopefully exclude any problem will be discussed and requested. These may include Blood tests, Urinary tract scans (Ultrasound), Urinary tract X-rays (plain and dye tests (IVU)), a local anaesthetic bladder examination (cystoscopy), Urine tests (for infection and abnormal cells) and sometimes a CT scan. NMP22 can also be used to aid diagnosis. If any cause is found then the appropriate treatment is discussed. Access is available to regional and national experts depending on your diagnosis.