Total Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement is a surgical procedure in which injured or damaged sections of the knee joint are fitted with artificial replacements. It is performed commonly for patients with knee arthritis, particularly where the joint has become stiff and painful. 

The surgery involves removing a small thickness of the damaged bone at the end of the femur, the thigh bone, the tibia, the shin bone, and the back of the patella, the knee cap. The knee replacement fits inside the space and is fixed to the bone with cement. The procedure is carried out under general anaesthetic and takes approximately one hour. 


The day following surgery, the physiotherapist will instigate the exercise regime. Patients will be encouraged to mobilise the new knee, aiming to climb stairs by day four, and being discharged home on day five.

Physiotherapy will continue post discharge on an outpatient basis at Clare Park. For most patients, it will take approximately six weeks to be walking reasonably with only one stick. After six months patients should be able to walk well without pain and be capable of a good range of movement.