Bunions (Hallux Valgus)
A bunion is a lump of bone on the knuckle of your big toe. Sometimes the big toe points towards the other toes on the foot. Arthritis, or wearing tight or ill-fitting shoes over a period of many years, may increase the risk of bunions. However, they can have other causes. Bunions are more common in women and sometimes run in families.
Patients with bunions usually complain of a painful bump on the inside of the big toe, the hallux. The bunion usually pushes the big toe towards the second toe, occasionally causing crossover of toes. Exercises and corrective footwear can sometimes help bunions. However, when these non– surgical treatments don't work, surgery can relieve pain and correct the deformity.