Vertebroplasty and Balloon Kyphoplasty
These are injections formed of specialised high viscosity cement, which are injected into the vertebral body in the spine to relieve pain from a fracture. Usually the fracture is from osteoporosis, the weakening of bones, but it can be due to general trauma or a tumour.
This is an injection of high viscosity cement into the vertebral body, usually performed through incisions in the skin on the back. The cement used is new high viscosity cement which does not cause any leakage. It does not usually correct any collapse of the vertebra but it stabilises a painful fracture. Because this procedure is so simple it can be done as a day case with sedation, and an improvement in pain can be expected very quickly.
This again is injection of high viscosity cement into the vertebral body, but with kyphoplasty before the cement is in injected a balloon is inserted into the collapsed vertebral body, which inflates with high pressure and attempts to restore the normal height of that vertebra. The balloon is then deflated and withdrawn and cement is then injected. This balloon inflation also creates a greater space for the cement to be injected into.