Great toe arthritis
Hallux rigidus is a common term for arthritis of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe. 'Hallux' is Latin for 'great toe' and 'rigidus' is Latin for 'stiff'. Hallux rigidus is a condition caused by arthritis (wear and tear) at the base of the big toe. This condition can affect all individuals, but is more likely to affect those who are active and regularly participate in sporting activities.
Patients may feel a lump on top of the big toe, whereas the prominence in hallux valgus (bunion) is seen on the medial side of the big toe. Pain is increased when walking or running. This is caused by the upward movement of the toe where joint stiffness is most evident.
Read more about great toe arthritis including surgical and non-surgical treatments, and post-operative advice:
A patient’s guide to arthritis of the big toe(hallux rigidus) with discussion on cheilectomy and fusion
Images used by permission of RNOH