Knee pain is the most common musculoskeletal complaint that brings people to their doctor*. With today's increasingly active society, the number of knee problems is increasing. Knee pain has a wide variety of specific causes and treatments.
It is vital to make an accurate diagnosis of the cause of your symptoms so that appropriate treatment can be directed at the correct area If you have knee pain, some common causes include:
- Ligament damage
- Cartilage damage
- Dislocated kneecap.
Signs to indicate you should see a physiotherapist
- Inability to walk comfortably on the affected side
- Injury that causes the knee to swell or change shape
- Knee pain that occurs at night or while resting
- Knee pain that persists beyond a few days
- Locking (inability to bend or fully straighten) the knee
- Swelling of the joint or the calf area
- Signs of an infection, including high temperature, redness
- Any other unusual symptoms.
Top tips for an injured knee
Follow the principle of RICE for the first few days - Rest the knee, apply Ice for 20 minutes at a time, Compress by wearing a tubigrip or knee support to help limit swelling and Elevate the knee above the level of the heart which will also help prevent excess swelling.
A chartered physiotherapist can fully examine your knee to establish what damage may have occurred. They will also be able to provide you with specific advice and a course of treatment which is tailored to you and your specific knee problem. Treatment often consists of a specific exercise and stretching programme and soft tissue treatments.